Your 72-hour emergency kit must be ready and easy to grab at anytime.
When building your kit, store items in different waterproof bags and put them in easy-to-carry containers such as backpacks or duffel bags.
Keep in mind some these factors:
- Duration of the emergency (plan for at least 72 hours).
- You may not be able to use your vehicle or to load it last minute before an evacuation, so you won’t be able to carry heavy plastics bins.
- How much weight can each person in your family carry?
- The age of members within your household.
- Dietary needs.
- Medical needs including prescriptions and equipment.
- Disabilities and functional needs, including devices and equipment.
- Weight is your enemy in an evacuation context.
- The optimization of your supplies is essential to minimize the weight of your bags.
Your kit could include the following recommended items:
- One gallon per person per day per person is recommended.
(Depending on the area you live in, you might find water in creeks, rivers or lakes.)
- A water filter with Hydrapak 1-3L.
- Water purification tablets.
Food and dishes:
- High-calorie emergency food (bars and meals).
Something that can be ready without cooking or preparation, but just by adding hot water.
- A few tea bags or coffee.
- A windburner 1L stove and all season fuel blend canisters (only to boil water).
- Collapsible bowls easy-to-pack (expands from an easy packing height of 4.3cm up to a 650ml capacity).
- Foldable utensils.
- Advanced First Aid kit.
Prescription medications if needed.
- Non-prescription medications such as pain relievers, anti-diarrhea medication.
- Prescription eyeglasses and contact lens solution
- Battery-powered or hand crank radio.
- Extra batteries.
- Solar charger.
- Cell phone.
- Waterproof tarp shelter.
- Duct tape.
- An emergency fire starter kit.
- Gas Mask or Respirator:
There are a huge amount of reasons why you and your family would need gas masks or respirators: – Smoke from building or wildfires – Particulates launched during natural disasters, like earthquakes – Biological outbreaks or attacks – Chemical or Nuclear attacks – Riot agents like pepper spray or tear gas.
- Sleeping bags.
- Warm blankets.
- Inflatable pillows & mattresses.
- Complete change of clothing appropriate for the season and sturdy shoes.
- For everyone:
Soap – toothpaste – baby wipes – toilet paper.
- Bottles, diapers, wipes and diaper rash cream.
- Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items.
Don’t forget to pack for children:
- A book, games, puzzles or other activities, their cuddly toy and a few candies can help them to be reassured.
If you own a pet, do not forget to plan extra food and water for it.
Important various items:
- A local paper map: know your area in details.
- Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies, ID, and passports must be stored in a waterproof bag.
- Small denomination cash.
Plan ahead your financial preparedness:
- Know your insurance policy. Make sure your
home, vehicle, business and belongings are protected.
- If possible, consider emergency savings to cover temporary expenses while you are out of your home.
- Keep emergency cash handy in case banking services are unavailable.
If you are evacuated, keep all receipts for additional expenses.
- Prepare a detailed list, which includes pictures, of all your belongings.
- Know the steps for making a home/vehicle insurance claim.